Catalan Association of Optometry and Vision Therapy


In this article we show a table of symptoms, the causes thereof and recommended treatment


Symptoms and signs that can be observed

Causes of dysfunction Recommended treatment for
every kind of dysfunction
  • Blurred vision at distance or near
  • Eyestrain
  • Headache
  • Itchy eyes
  • Refractive error
  • Accommodation
  • Optical correction (glasses-contact lenses-surgery)
  • Accommodative therapy
  • Slow adaptation in changing eye level from distance to near
  • Copy error from distance to near
  • Accommodation
  • Accommodative therapy
  • Avoiding longtime near tasks
  • Crossed eye
  • Covering an eye when reading or writing
  • Maintaining incorrect head postures
  • Binocular vision
  • Binocular therapy
  • Losing place when reading
  • Skipping letters or words
  • Slow reading speed
  • Difficulties with reading comprehension
  • Ocular motility
  • Binocular vision
  • Visual-motor therapy
  • Binocular therapy
  • Decreased coordination and balance
  • Logical reasoning errors
  • Letter or number reversal
  • Transposing letters or words
  • Confusion right and left
  • Perception
  • Laterality
  • Perceptual therapy
  • Directionality therapy
  • Poor handwriting
  • lack of coordination and balance
  • Visual-motor integration
  • Visual-motor therapy
  • Errors in the auditory-visual integration and in the sound-symbol association capacity
  • Difficulties in rhythm tasks
  • Auditory-visual integration
  • Auditory-visual therapy